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How to Measure Gas Pipe Size

Measuring gas pipe size isn’t as straightforward as you would think. Gas pipe sizes are standardized on the NPT (National Pipe Thread) standard. NPT sizes are smaller than the actual thread size. Additionally, NPT threads are tapered in order to seal against the leakage of gas. As the fittings are tightened the threads are compressed against each other providing a stronger seal the more they are tightened.

The image below shows a 1/2″ NPT pipe thread against a measuring tape. As you can see, the actual measured size is slightly more than 3/4″. Note that since the threads are tapered the diameter at the end of the nipple measures less than the diameter at the base. At the bottom of this article, you’ll find a table that provides actual outside thread diameter sizes for common NPT pipe sizes.

Since NPT pipes and fittings are common, you can easily find fittings for your fire pit at your local home improvement or hardware store.


Pipe Size (NPT) Outside Diameter
1/4″ 0.540”
3/8” 0.675”
1/2″ 0.840”
3/4″ 1.050”
1” 1.315”

NPT Thread Size Chart

NPT size chart
NPT Size Chart (common sizes used in gas fire pits)

Flared Fitting Size Chart

Flare fitting size chart
Flare Size Chart (common sizes used in gas fire pits)

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